The 7 Wonders of the ancient world were very impressive artistic and architectural constructions in ancient times that were viewed with amazement. They are listed below:
1. GREAT PYRAMID OF GIZA IN EGYPT (AFRICA)
This is the oldest in the list and the only one still standing today. It was constructed as a sepulchre for the Egyptian pharaoh Khufu about 4,600 years ago. It was 147 metres tall and the world’s tallest structure before Lincoln Cathedral’s central tower in England was completed in AD 1311.
2. HANGING GARDENS OF BABYLON IN MESOPOTAMIA (MIDDLE EAST)
They are believed to have been located near the royal palace in Babylon. They were possibly roof gardens laid out on a series of ziggurat terraces irrigated by pumps from River Euphrates. They might have been constructed by King Nebuchadrezzar II (reigned c. 605 to c. 561 BC), who built them to console his Median wife, Amytis, because she missed the mountains and greenery of her homeland.
3. STATUE OF ZEUS AT OLYMPIA, GREECE (EUROPE)
This was a giant seated figure built by the Greek sculptor Phidias around 435 BC. It was 41 feet or 12.4m tall, and was installed in the Temple of Zeus at Olympia. It was made of ivory plates and gold panels on a wooden framework. The statue was destroyed during the 5th century AD.
4. TEMPLE OF ARTEMIS AT EPHESUS IN ASIA MINOR (MODERN TURKEY IN WESTERN ASIA)
Also known as the Temple of Diana, it was built in the 6th Century BC and was located in Ephesus (near the modern town of Selçuk in present-day Turkey). It was of immense size, being double the dimensions of other Greek temples including the Parthenon. It was destroyed by invading Goths in 262 AD and was never rebuilt.
5. MAUSOLEUM AT HALICARNASSUS IN ASIA MINOR (MODERN TURKEY IN WESTERN ASIA)
This was a tomb built between 353 and 350 BC in Halicarnassus (present day Bodrum in Turkey) by Artemisia II, the widow of King Halicarnassus, ruler of Caria. The building was designed by the Greek architects Pythius and Satyros.
6. COLOSSUS OF RHODES IN SOUTH-EASTERN GREECE (EUROPE)
This was a giant statue of the sun god Helios that stood in the ancient Greek city of Rhodes and was built by the sculptor Chares of Lyndus. It took 12 years to build (c. 294–282 BC), was made of bronze, reinforced with iron, and weighted with stones. It was supposedly 105 feet or 32 metres high and stood at Mandrákion harbour. It was toppled by an earthquake about 225/226 BC and was left in place till 654 AD, when Arabian forces raided Rhodes and had the statue broken up and the bronze sold for scrap.
7. LIGHTHOUSE OF ALEXANDRIA IN EGYPT (AFRICA)
Also known as the Pharos of Alexandria, it was the most famous lighthouse in ancient times. It was built by Sostratus of Cnidus, and was finished during the reign of Soter’s son Ptolemy II of Egypt, about 280 BC. It stood on the island of Pharos in the harbour of Alexandria and is reputed to have been greater than 350 feet (110 metres) high. The only taller man-made structures at that time would have been the pyramids of Giza.